Basics of Tree Pruning The best way to learn how to prune fruit trees is to know first and foremost how fruit trees grow. Your fruit tree is basically made up of two parts. Grafting is one of the most common ways in which fruit trees are grown. It is common to find fruit trees having their top part taken from a good fruit bearing tree, while the lower part with its roots come from trees that don’t bear fruit well. Experts turn to grafting in order to produce more trees of good quality. What is important is to have a healthy tree to prune properly for it to bear more fruit.
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Oftentimes, if you order by mail, you get a bare rooted tree. The first thing you should do is to trim the its roots. Some trees are planted in pots and need no cutbacks when you transplant them. But trees that have been dug up have obviously seen some damage on its roots and needs to be cutback.
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It depends on the instructions you get whether to prune the tree or not after you have received it. Look for broken or jagged edged roots and cut them off. This helps them heal evenly. Make the surface of the roots equal by cutting part of the top. A fruit tree with no side branches needs to be cutback by a third of its height. A six foot tree should be cut by at least two feet from the top. The cut should be done above the bud, and in a slanted way. Trim all branches that look withered, dead or broken, or too near the ground. After you cut the top by a third, you also need to cut every strong branch by a third. Look for the bud and cut the branches on its outer side in order for the new branches to grow outwardly and not toward the tree trunk. New trees need the special care described above. Soaking bare rooted trees for several hours when they arrive is crucial. The quality of your soil and the right depth of the ground is also worth taking note of. There are things you can do to your tree, like snipping and pinching, to save you the trouble later. Trimming and snipping buds helps the tree to mature into more productive tree when it becomes mature. Pruning done during the first year help shape the tree. The fruit your tree produces at this time ripens better. It is true however that some trees are harder to shape than others. You need not call the professionals once you master the art and science of tree pruning.